Tourism has an adverse effect in our environment. In this article, we will look into the environmental impact, as well as the social impact in our environment.
Environmental Impact Of Tourism
There are a few examples of positive environmental influences of tourism.
- Specific areas where intensive agriculture was previously practiced and many herbicides were used are less affected by tourism.
- In highly developed tourist areas, particularly smaller units such as the islands where nature is the main product, environmental protection is increasingly important.
- Tourism experiences like in the temple tour, hotels and clubs must complement nature.
On the other hand, it affects the environment in numerous ways.
- Mobility: Traveling by car, the need for roads and parking lots, air pollution due to exhaust gases, damage to the flora along the roads.
- The wastewater of tourism facilities partly discharged directly into the sea, polluting the environment.
- Many tourists produce large amounts of waste.
- Tourism may need scarce resources in large quantities (for example, freshwater in small islands), which means it can be expensive to import.
- The collection of natural resources, in particular, the excessive capture of fish and marine animals.
Social Impact Of Tourism
The favorable impacts that is obtained from tourism in the social field is:
- Jobs generated by tourism require a higher level of education.
- Tourism-financed infrastructure also provides a better standard of living for people who do not participate directly in it. These facilities may include roads, railways, airports, drinking water, sanitation, waste management, communication equipment, radio, television, electricity, etc.
The negative causes on the society of the visiting country:
- Social conflicts. Example: crime
- Jobs in the tourism industry are often only auxiliary jobs such as waitresses, waiters. This gives the local population the feeling of inferiority.
- Most tourists come from societies with other values of lifestyles other than their own. As a general rule, tourists from Western societies come with more liberal and less traditional ways of life
- Tourists pay no attention to local moral customs and values. This has long-term effects on companies in the host country.